[arch-general] Systemd boot
Riccardo Paolo Bestetti
pbl at bestov.io
Sat Nov 28 09:22:42 UTC 2020
I2'm trying to fully make sense of the boot process with systemd.
I've read various pages from the manual, including bootup(7). There are
two points I don't fully understand.
* Filesystem mounts during initrd
The man page, under the initrd section, says: "systemd detects that it
is run within an initrd [...]. The bootup process begins identical to
the system manager bootup (see above) until it reaches basic.target.
[...] Before any file systems are mounted, it must be determined
whether the system will resume from hibernation or proceed with normal
In my mind, that part self-contradicts when both saying that 1) the
bootup proceeds identical to the system manager bootup and 2) a
determination on whether to mount file systems is made /after/
basic.target. This is because some file systems (including, in most
cases, the root file systems) would have been mounted before
local-fs.target, which is ordered before basic.target.
So either the process is not really identical until basic.target, or I'm
getting something wrong.
I gather that the systemd which runs inside the initrd is a completely
separate instance from the one which then runs in the booted system.
Which implies - as discussed above - that the system initialization
sequence from beginning to basic.target actually happens twice.
Does this means than any initialization units which could potentially be
run twice - once in the initrd and once in the booted system - should be
instrumented to avoid running their logic twice (in the cases where
that's not needed or even harmful)?
Let's consider for example an hypothetical service with
"WantedBy=cryptsetup-pre.target", which decrypts a keyfile using an
hardware token. This keyfile is then consumed by
systemd-cryptsetup-generator with keyfile-erase=on. What happens if the
service is run twice, but the key is consumed only the first time? A
decrypted keyfile remains in the system.
What's the correct approach to avoid such a scenario?
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