[arch-ports] integration of ports into original archlinux

Jason Chu jason at archlinux.org
Wed Aug 10 21:17:04 EDT 2005

On Wed, Aug 10, 2005 at 05:35:26PM +0200, Alexander Baldeck wrote:
> Jason Chu wrote:
> >On Tue, Aug 09, 2005 at 11:23:25AM +0200, Alexander Baldeck wrote:
> > 
> >>Jason Chu wrote:
> >>   
> >>>On Mon, Aug 08, 2005 at 05:40:26PM +0200, Alexander Baldeck wrote:
> >>>     
> >>>>hey list,
> >>>>i am wondering about this quite some time now:
> >>>>how will ports be handled by the main archlinux project for i686? as it seems there hasn't been much 
> >>>>talk about
> >>>>this lately but a while ago Judd moved the repos to a new structure (os/i686) which seems to be a 
> >>>>first step. since
> >>>>then i haven't heard much.
> >>>>now then, i simply want to start another discussion. maybe to find a few things a port has to 
> >>>>implement before it
> >>>>may be officially mentioned or even why they should not be considered as a part of the official 
> >>>>archlinux.
> >>>>        
> >>>I've also been wondering this.  I've tried to find good solutions to the
> >>>problems that I saw, but I never really asked you guys what your methods
> >>>are ;o)
> >>>So, that's what I'll start with.  Assume that we always want to have an ABS
> >>>(basically cvsup) that reflects the current repo's packages.  How do you do
> >>>your package updating/building and repo updating?
> >>>     
> >>In my case - the PPC port - the ABS script would still need to be modified since I still haven't 
> >>sucessfully
> >>compiled cvsup itself. Also I got offered a Subversion repository on archlinuxfr.org and am happily 
> >>using it.
> >>From my experience there are lots of feature I definetely wouldn't want to miss out on.
> >>   
> >Like what?  The more features I have, the better argument I can make to
> >move to it ;o)
> > 
> Well, can you easily move a directory somewhere else within the same repository without losing all
> archived versions? I've seen quite a couple of packages crossing the border between current and extra
> lately. ;-)
> $ svn move source/ destination/
> $ cvs ??
> On top of that it shouldn't be too time consuming to convert a CVS repo to SVN. You can even use SVN
> just like CVS, so you see that right now there's no reason for me to fall back to CVS.

Ok, just remember, you're not trying to convince me.  I'd like to move to
svn across the board (it's better than cvs, but darcs would be kinda cool
;o) ), but I know all the arguments against.

Here we go:
- Packages rarely move between extra and current, so we don't really need
that functionality and when we do, it's no big deal to just delete one and
add the other.
- Extra and current are two different repositories so that wouldn't work
- The way we use tags (not exactly the best way) doesn't easily map over to
svn's tag usage (ok, that was mostly my own, but it was an amalgamation of
some other ideas as well).

> >>Package updating normally is done by first modifying the PKGBUILD, building the package, test the 
> >>package, then
> >>upload the binary and finally commit to SVN after generating a new db.tar.gz.
> >>   
> >There's a slight problem with this when working on it with more than one
> >person (or multiple changes in one tree).  If you make development changes
> >to two seperate packages, but only want to sync one into the tree, how do
> >you rollback (and not forget) your changes?  In the multiple person
> >situation, how do you (or they) see your updates when syncing?
> >For the developers, our actual update script does a cvs co of a tagged
> >version of cvs.  Then we know we have the correct (not development)
> >versions of everything (basically the packages that should be in the repo).
> > 
> In detail I do it similar. Me uploading the package does not mean that I delete the old one imediately.
> Like you said, I generate the DB using a fresh ABS tree from SVN right after I commited my changes first.
> Still, you are right that I don't have a plan to have several devs working on the port yet, simply 
> because
> there hasn't been one other really contributing regularly in the past 1.2 years. That's also why I didn't 
> tag
> a release yet. I can't say for sure that everything works stable enough to tag it CURRENT or whatever yet
> because I only use what I need.

Well, in our case, we don't tag things as CURRENT when they're stable, we
tag them as CURRENT when they go into the repo.  There's a subtle
difference there ;o)

> >>>My thinking was something like this: try to keep all the work in a single
> >>>CVS tree, tagging things as CURRENT (as we do for i686), CURRENT-PPC,
> >>>CURRENT-amd64, etc, using CARCH to make platform specific changes.  This
> >>>way the ports are essentially just modifying the global i686 packages.
> >>>Obviously there are some architecture specific changes, but the direction
> >>>of the packages is kept consistent over all the ports.
> >>>     
> >>That is one possibility but as you can see it might get very messy if other CARCHes come in as well.
> >>Which makes me thing this is far from perfect.
> >>   
> >I think the xorg example is a bad one.  It's messy without multiple CARCH
> >support.  But even still, I think having a bunch of CARCH if's in there is
> >much cleaner than having multiple copies of the PKGBUILDs.
> > 
> Yeah, that's a critical package here though since I've messed with it for weeks a while back until I 
> finally
> got it fully working. The kernel package would have been even worse. ;-)

Sure, but the majority of packages won't be that bad.  I suspect the
majority of packages just work.  Not saying the ones that are bad aren't
difficult, but the sheer number of the ones that don't need to be modified
is probably pretty high.

> >>>I even wrote a patch for gensync to build repos out of package files only.
> >>>This does entail untaring each package to get the meta data though.  But
> >>>you don't need matching PKGBUILDs.  One of the reasons to do this was to
> >>>add a -$CARCH part to package files
> >>>(<pkgname>-<pkgver>-<pkgrel>-$CARCH.pkg.tar.gz); if gensync reads package
> >>>information from the package itself, the package can be named anything you
> >>>want.
> >>>     
> >>What about current/os/$CARCH ? This structure has been there for ages now in the binary repos.
> >>   
> >That's what they say.  You would still have current/os/$CARCH, but the idea
> >is that you'd also be able to see the arch a specific package was built
> >against even if it wasn't stored in a current/os/$CARCH path.
> > 
> You can already! At least since makepkg 2.9.2 - so far back I've checked - the .PKGINFO

Not by looking at the filename... before you download it...

> in a compiled packages comes with an architecture tag. The current libtool package for
> example carries one that looks like this:
> [snippet]
> builddate = Thu May 19 15:55:25 2005
> packager = Arch Linux (http://www.archlinux.org)
> size = 2313395
> arch = i686
> depend = bash
> [/snippet]
> The problem here is that pacman (2.9.6) does not seem to care about what's in there regarding
> arch yet, meaning I can still install a ppc package "without any problem".... *cough*

Pacman has no notion of arch, except as a string of information.  This
should probably be fixed someday ;)

> >>>The other option is to have totally seperate trees and let each port manage
> >>>their own packages however they please.  Personally, I don't like this way.
> >>>There's a lot more duplicated work (because problems have to be fixed
> >>>multiple times).  You're essentially implementing your own distro that's
> >>>sharing the arch name.  This means that everything can stay the same, but
> >>>managing the CVS tree (assuming it's still shared) becomes a real nasty
> >>>task (make change for one arch, commit, tag, undo changes for that arch,
> >>>make changes for different arch, commit, tag).  It's a very inefficient use
> >>>of CVS and sure to lead to lots of mistakes in the long run.
> >>>     
> >>Agreed, I'm all for merging the PKGBUILDs as far as possible. Though someone still needs to come up
> >>with an idea for architecture specific packages like bootloaders (yaboot, quik, grub, lilo, pbbuttons 
> >>etc.)
> >>   
> >One option (staying with the tagging method) is to just not tag it for that
> >architecture.  Then lilo would never be in the ppc repo, because it wasn't
> >tagged CURRENT-PPC.
> >Another way would be to patch makepkg to support an arch=() variable, so
> >that gensync would just skip over the PKGBUILDs not supported by that arch.
> > 
> Very true, the tagging method sounds reasonable. I would like to keep makepkg as it is though.

So would I.  I forgot to mention that Judd rejected a patch that did just
that.  It was one of VMiklos'.

> >We're still not getting very far.  How about I start with a bunch of
> >questions to try and direct things.
> >Would you want to stick with svn or move over (backwards) to cvs?  If you
> >wanted to go to cvs, we could share the same cvs tree, so that changes
> >across the arches are more easily visible to you (and thus more easily
> >merged).
> > 
> I wouldn't mind to continue using SVN but this should sure not result in multiple development trees
> so I'd rather move to CVS than to have to create a totally seperated archderivate for another platform.

That's my thinking.  That's why I want to keep the ports from splitting off
as much as possible.  And that's why I want to keep a single PKGBUILD with
arch specific modifications.

> >Unless you can find a very compelling argument, I'm sticking with the if
> >$CARCH option because I like it. ;)
> > 
> It's ok to use $CARCH sections in a packagebuild but it would be nice to have makepkg being able
> to handle different "sourcesets".
> Example:
> kernel26 needs a few patches which are mostly platform independent - yes - but the config is distinct
> for every platform.
> So I would be nice to have a way to tag CURRENT only let's say config.ppc but not
> config.i686 since it's really not needed for ppc but then still have a working package build.
> Only a cosmetic problem though.

Hmm, interesting point.  That still means you have to merge changes in the
config.i686 file into config.ppc file IF they don't directly affect i686
machines (like enabling more netfilter modules, for example).  Couldn't you
just modify the PKGBUILD to make some arch specific customizations (like
split out only the options directly related to that arch and then cat
config config.ppc > config)?  I'm trying to minimize the number of manual


If you understand, things are just as they are.  If you do not understand,
things are just as they are.
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: not available
Type: application/pgp-signature
Size: 189 bytes
Desc: not available
URL: <http://archlinux.org/pipermail/arch-ports/attachments/20050810/0fa84367/attachment.pgp>

More information about the arch-ports mailing list